qtp wscript examples

Windows Script Host

Microsoft currently offers three hosts for running scripting language code. They are:

Internet Explorer (IE)- for running client side scripts in the Web

Internet Information Server (IIS) -for running Server side scripts

Windows Script Host (WSH)- for running scripts on windows desktop and from the Command promt

WSH (Windows Script Host)

It is Micro Soft Windows Administration Tool to run scripts

WSH is a language-independent scripting host for Windows Script compatible scripting engines. It allows us to run scripts from both the Windows desktop and the command prompt

WSH Provides hosting environment for running the Scripts. It has 2 built-in script engines

i) VBScript (extension .vbs)
ii) Jscript (extension .js)

If we want run any other scripts like Perl or Python, we have to install those script engines.

WSH provides runtime objects to allow our script code to interact with the local Computer environment.

WSF (Windows Script File) is an XML file format that allows us to define scripting jobs.

Two WSH commands, cscript.exe and wscript.exe, are provided to run scripts with and without a command window.

Remote WSH
It is a new technology available in WSH 5.6 Version, It provides a facility to run scripts on remote machines.

Windows Script Host Tasks
i) Accessing Networks
ii) Creating Automated Login Script and Logout Script
iii) Driving Applications
iv) Manipulating System Registry
v) Running Scripts Remotely
Etc…

 Shell Scripting Examples

 1) How to display a message with some wait time?
 Dim WshShell
Set WshShell = CreateObject( "WScript.Shell")
WshShell.Popup "G C Reddy", 5, "QTP Training" 

2) How to run DOS commands using windows shell script?
 Dim objShell
Set objShell = CreateObject ("WSCript.shell" ) 
objShell.run "cmd /K CD C:\&Dir" 
 
3) How to display Current User Name?
Dim objNetwork, objShell
Set objNetwork = CreateObject( "WScript.Network") 
Current_User = objNetwork.username 
Set objShell = CreateObject( "WScript.Shell") 
objShell.Popup Current_User , 5, " User Name " 

4) How to send keyboard inputs?
 set oShell = CreateObject( "WScript.Shell")  
oShell.SendKeys "G C Reddy" 


5) How to get Local Computer Information?

Set objComputer = CreateObject("Shell.LocalMachine")

Wscript.Echo "Computer name: " & objComputer.MachineName
Wscript.Echo "Shutdown allowed: " & objComputer.IsShutdownAllowed
Wscript.Echo "Friendly UI enabled: " & objComputer.IsFriendlyUIEnabled
Wscript.Echo "Guest access mode: " & objComputer.IsGuestAccessMode
Wscript.Echo "Guest account enabled: " & _
    objComputer.IsGuestEnabled(0)
Wscript.Echo "Multiple users enabled: " & _
    objComputer.IsMultipleUsersEnabled
Wscript.Echo "Offline files enabled: " & _
    objComputer.IsOfflineFilesEnabled
Wscript.Echo "Remote connections enabled: " & _
    objComputer.IsRemoteConnectionsEnabled
Wscript.Echo "Undock enabled: " & objComputer.IsUndockEnabled



Note: Run the above script as vbscript file(.vbs), It may not work in QTP Test Pane.
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We can run VBScript code file directly. But WSH also supports an XML file format called .WSF (Windows Script File).

WSF file offers an XML structure to define script jobs and group jobs into a package

<package>

   <job id="VBScriptJob">
      <script language="VBScript">
         WScript.Echo "Hello G C Reddy! - VBScriptJob"
      </script>
   </job>

   <job id="JScriptJob">
      <script language="JScript">
         WScript.Echo("Hello G C Reddy! - JScriptJob");
      </script>
   </job>
  
 </package>

1 comments:

thank you very much for the informatioon

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