Software Testing Standards

Interview Questions on Software Testing Standards

1) What is IEEE Test Documentation Standard?

IEEE Test Documentation Standard provides Test Documentation templates for Software Testing from Test Planning to Test Closure.

2) What are the Standards for software testing documentation?

Standards for software testing documentation are:
1. IEEE 829-1998 Standard for Software Test Documentation.
specifies the form of a set of documents for use in eight defined stages of software testing, each stage potentially producing its own separate type of document. The document can also provide a baseline for the evaluation of current test documentation practices.
2. IEEE 730, Standard for software quality assurance plans.
3. IEEE 1016-1998, Recommended Practice for Software Design Descriptions.
4. IEEE 1028-1997, Standard for Software Reviews.
5. IEEE 1063-2001, Standard for Software User Documentation.

3) What are the Standards for software testing terminology?

Standards for software testing terminology are:
1. BSS 7925-1, ISTQB Vocabulary of terms used in software testing (standard used by TestLink)
(German)
2. IEEE 610.12-1990, Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology.
3. IEEE 729, Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology.
4. ISO/IEC 2382-1:1993. Data processing - Vocabulary - Part 1: Fundamental terms.
5. ISO 9000:2005. Quality Management Systems – Fundamentals and Vocabulary.

4) What r the Standards for software testing methodology?

Standards for software testing methodology are:

1. ANSI/IEEE 1008-1987 IEEE Standard for Software Unit Testing -Description.
2. IEEE 1012-2004, Standard for System and Software Verification and Validation.
3. IEEE 1028, a standard for software inspections.
4. IEEE 1044, a standard for the classification of software anomalies.
5. IEEE 1044-1, a guide to the classification of software anomalies.
6. IEEE 1061, Standard for software quality metrics and methodology.
7. IEEE 1074-2006, Standard for Developing a Software Project Life Cycle Process.
8. IEEE 1219:1998, Software Maintenance.
9. BSC 7925-2 , Standard for software component testing.
10. ISO/IEC 9126-1:2001. Software Engineering – Software Product Quality – Part 1: Quality characteristics and sub-characteristics.
11. ISO/IEC 12207:1995. Information Technology – Software Life Cycle Processes.
12. ISO/IEC 14598-1:1999. Information Technology – Software Product Evaluation - Part 1: General Overview.

5) Can you list all IEEE Standards related with Software Testing ?

IEEE Standards related with Software Testing:
IEEE Standards: Institute of Electrical and electronics Engineers (Founded in 1884) have an entire set of standards devoted to software. Testers should be familiar with all the standards mentioned in IEEE.
• 610.12-1990 IEEE Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology.
• 730-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance plans.
• 828-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Configuration Management.
• 829-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Test Documentation.
• 830-1998 IEEE Recommended Practice for Software Requirement Specifications.
• 1008-1987(R1993) IEEE Standard for Software Unit Testing.
• 1012-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Verification and validation.
• 1012a-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Verification and validation –Supplement to 1012-1998 Content.
• 1016-1998- IEEE Recommended Practice for Software Design description.
• 1028-1997 IEEE Standard for Software Reviews.
• 1044-1993 IEEE Standard Classification for Software Anomalies.
• 1045-1992 IEEE Standard for Software Productivity metrics.
• 1058-1998 IEEE Standard for Software Project Management Plans.
• 1058.1-1987 IEEE Standard for Software Management.
• 1061-1998.1 IEEE Standard for Software Quality Metrics Methodology.

6) How many categories of standards are there in software testing?

Testing Standards broadly categorized into two types: External standards and internal standards.

7) What ISO/IEC 9126 standard deals with? What are the quality attributes for any software?

The ISO/IEC 9126 standard deals with the following aspects to determine the quality of a software application:
• Quality model
• External metrics
• Internal metrics
• Quality in use metrics
This standard presents some set of quality attributes for any Software such as:
• Functionality
• Reliability
• Usability
• Efficiency
• Maintainability
• Portability

8) Can u tell me about ISO/IEC 9241-11?

Part 11 of this standard deals with the extent to which a product can be used by specified users to achieve specified goals with Effectiveness, Efficiency and Satisfaction in a specified context of use.
This standard proposed a framework which describes the usability components and relationship between them. In this standard the usability is considered in terms of user performance and satisfaction. According to ISO 9241-11 usability depends on context of use and the level of usability will change as the context changes

9) What are standards?

Standards are set of mandatory requirements established by consensus and maintained by a recognized body to prescribe a disciplined uniform approach or specify a product, that is, mandatory conventions and practices. Standards provide a body of knowledge that provides the basis for a professional discipline.

10) What is the basis for standards?

Basis for standards:
1. Communication – common terminology.
2. Professional qualifications.
3. Certification/compliance schemes.
4. Benchmark of good industry practice.
5. Contracts.
6. Interoperability and consistency.

11) Explain about ISO/IEC 29119?

The proposal of 29119 ISO project was in February 2007.
1. This project will produce a software testing standard applicable to all types of software products and software-intensive systems.
2. Purpose: unify and integrate the currently fragmented corpus of normative literature regarding testing that is currently offered by three distinct standards-makers: BSI, IEEE, and ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7.

12) What are the ISO Committees and Working Groups?

ISO Committees & Working Groups are:
1. ISO: International Organization for Standardization.
2. JTC1: Information Technology.
3. SC7: Software & Systems Engineering.
4. WG26: Software Testing.

13) What the International standard ISO/IEC 29119 provides?

International standard ISO/IEC 29119 will provide practitioners with guidelines for testing that cover all aspects of the life cycle.
1. Provide consistent set of definitions, processes, procedures & techniques for software testing.
2. Fill gaps not covered by current standards.
3. To be adopted by national standards bodies.
4. Currently has representation from 18 nations and is being reviewed by software testing professionals world-wide.

14) What are the Concepts and Vocabulary ISO/IEC 29119 Software Testing?

Concepts and Vocabulary ISO/IEC 29119 Software testing:

The aim of part 1 of the standard is to give an overview of the standard and of general software testing concepts and to provide a vocabulary of software testing terms covering the entire software testing life cycle. A working draft of part 1 is currently under development. It is anticipated that this part will include (but not be limited to) the following topics:
• Introduction to software testing
• The role of verification and validation
• Testing as a heuristic
• Exhaustive testing
• Software testing in an organizational and project context
• The testing process
• Generic testing processes in the system life cycle
• Development project sub-processes and their results
• On-going maintenance and its results
• Support processes for the software development life cycle
• Risk-based testing
• Test sub-processes
• Test objectives
• Test item
• Testing of quality characteristics
• Test basis
• Retesting and regression testing
• Test techniques
• Approaches to testing, including risk-based, requirements based, analytic, model-based, scripted, unscripted and automated
• Metrics and measures
• Testing in different life cycle models, including agile, evolutionary and sequential

15) What is IEEE 1061 standard?

IEEE 1061: A methodology for establishing quality requirements, identifying, implementing, analyzing, and validating the process and product of software quality metrics is defined.

16) What is IEEE 1059 standard meant for?

IEEE 1059 : Guide for Software Verification and Validation Plans.

17) What is ISO?

ISO means International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies that creates standards and enforces their application. Over 13,000 standards exist, covering most industries.

18) What is CMM/CMMI and how it is related to Software Testing?

CMM -Capability Maturity Model

CMMI - Capability Maturity Model Integration

CMM was scarped, now CMMI only applicable.

CMMI provides process for software development (includes Software Testing)

19) What is BSI?

BSI is the business standards company that helps organizations all over the world make excellence a habit.

20) What Is Six Sigma?

Six Sigma at many organizations simply means a measure of quality that strives for near perfection. Six Sigma is a disciplined, data-driven approach and methodology for eliminating defects (driving toward six standard deviations between the mean and the nearest specification limit) in any process – from manufacturing to transactional and from product to service.

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