Sap Interview Questions in Hyderabad -17

Sap Interview Questions in Hyderabad -17

1. What is Condition type?

Condition type is a pricing element such as discount,freight,surcharge.This are used in pricing procedure to represent condition record.

2. What is difference between delivery document & scheduling?

Delivery document is an electronic document where store when how much quantity of materials and where the materials should go ? on the other side, scheduling represent when materials will be delivered in that case backward scheduling and forward scheduling is used.

3.How is item category determined?

In general item category determination is happened through sales document type+item usage+item category group+higher level item category +default item category In the creating from reference document item category determination is happened from copy control where source item category to target item category.if it is not maintained ,item category determination is happened though normal determination like sales document type+ item usage+item category group + higher level item category+default item category.

4. What is Extract used in condition tech. in pricing?

Condition table+Access sequence+Condition type+pricing procedure=condition technique.extract is used to find suitable condition record.

5. What is the difference between plant and storage location?

A plant may be delivering plant and production plant and storage plant.In Sales and Distribution, since plant is assigned with sales organization and distribution channel, it is called delivering plant.Storage location, where the materials are stored, that is called storage location. storage location is located in plant. Many storage locations can be located in one plant.

6. What is Lean Warehouse Management?

Lean warehouse management is a small part of function provided by warehouse management structure.It only includes fixed bin storage. it switch off some functions of warehouse management activities that are given below : storage section
Reserve storage bin
Strategy to put away and picking
Replenishment
Inventory of storage bin level.
                   
7. What is the purpose of sales document type?

Sales document will determine whether the process will be cash sales or rush order
It will determine the process whether the order will be normal order or release order.
It will determine what will be the delivery type of a order.
It will determine what will be the billing type of a order.
  
8. What is an integration point between SD AND MM?

When order is created availability check and transfer of requirement is happened, that is one SD and MM integration point.In the case of delivery picking is happened and after that PGI is happened that is another integration point of SD and MM.

9. What are MRP types?

MRP Means How the material is planned-such as Automatic reorder point planning, annual reorder point planning, Forecast Planning.

10. What is use of customer Account group?

Customer Account group control the master data of customer
It help to determine customer number assignment
It help to determine which field should be optional and which field should be mandatory and hide.
It control transaction of a customer master

11. What is the difference between incomplete order and backorder processing?

In the case of creating sales order, when mandatory fields are missing, it is called incomplete order and it is decided by incompletion procedure.Backorder processing when material quantity is not confirmed or delivery confirmation date cannot be kept.There are two types of back order processing 1) manual back order processing 2) Automatic via rescheduling.

12. Why does the customer master have different views?

there are three views in customer master data that are given below:
a) General Data: general data is applicable for accounting and sales and distribution purpose Address,Control data,payment transaction,marketing,unloading point,export data,contact person
b) Company Code Data: Company code data is applicable only accounting purpose.Account management,payment transaction,correspondence,insurance
c) Sales area Data: sales area data is applicable only sales and distribution purpose.Sales,shipping,billing,partner function.

13. What is t-code for listing the blocked documents?

T-code of listing blocked VKM1.

14.  What is batch split?

When products are coming from different batch and it’s batch number are different, batch split are happened.

15. What is Product attributes?

By defining product attributes, you take customer preferences for product substitution into account. For example, you may have customers who refuse products produced abroad, or products that contain a coupon. When you define product attributes, the system checks them in product selection, ignoring any material with a product attribute that the customer has explicitly rejected.

16.  What is difference between SD account key and FI account key?

As far as account key concern both are the same to find the right G/L Account through condition technique.SD account key will be from pricing procedure. On the other hand, FI account key will be from tax procedure.

17.How is credit control determined?

Credit control area determined by credit control area+Credit Risk Category+Credit group.

18. What are the parameters in FD32?

you can see overview of the customer, address of the customer, central data of customer, status and payment history of the customer.

19. What is the difference between routine and requirements?

routines define which field should copy from reference document to target document.Requirement should meet when is being copied from source document to target document. If requirement is not met, a warning message is displayed or process may be terminated.

20. What is condition supplement and why is it used?

Condition supplement don’t have any access sequence. They found together underlying one condition record. You set allowed condition supplement in customizing for the main condition type by assigning different pricing procedure. In the case of creation of sales order, when pricing procedure is taken into account, condition supplement is applied.

21. What is the difference between milestone and periodic billing?

Milestone billing is used in Plant engineering and construction, full amount of money are spreading over several dates within billing plan.Periodic billing is used in Rental contract. Full amount of money are billed over certain period of time. 

22. What is the landscape?

They system landscape basically is the set-up or arrangement of your SAP servers. Ideally, in an SAP environment, a three-system landscape exists. A three-system landscape consists of the Development Server-DEV, Quality Assurance Server-QAS and the Production Server-PROD. This kind of set-up is not primarily designed to serve as server clusters in case of system failure, the objective to enhance "configuration pipeline management".

23. What is variant in reporting?

Variant is a variation of report which delivered either R/3 system or save it. Each variant contains different fields that are populated when you call up the report.

24.What is the purpose of creating symbolic a/c, what is transaction code for same? Can we assign one symbolic a/c to multiple wage types?

It depends upon your payroll requirement to create salary head like expense account etc.

25.What is controlling area, what does it do, and how where is it assigned?

Controlling area is under of FI person which helps to set for costing purposes also based on these fiscal variant is set.

26.What is REPORT VARIANT FOR OFF CYCLE ACTIVITIES, what do we do in this step?

Variant is to save all input field parameters. once you saved as a variant , you can use the same for future purposes.

27.What is internal recruitment?

Internal recruitment is search for internal applicants. when you integrate with personal development, you can use profile match up which help to search for resources internally.

Also In recruitment it is represented by 'P' as Person and 'AP" as external person.

28.If we have to create multiple positions, what method OR tool we can use to avoid errors due to creating them manually.

You can create multiple position by LSMW or batch programs for the Tcode PP01 or PPOCE

29.What do is LANDSCAPE in SAP Project, I think its related to no. of servers used, Pls correct me if I am wrong, Or what it is?

It is related to Basis

30.What are problems generally faced while posting result to FICO?

Normally mismatching of amount gets posted.

31.What is the role of a administrator in PA?

To restrict access to Personnel administration based on PA/PSA.

32.What is go live actually? What is the role of a functional consultant in it?

Go live is transferring of data from Development server to Production server.
Development -----> Quality server
In Quality you need to Unit, Integration testing, once it is OK in Quality server,
Then you need
Development ----> Production

33.What are the other modules integrated with OM?

OM contains all the modules to be integrated, depending client requirement it is done. As OM-PA, OM -RECT, OM-BENEFITS, OM-TRAINING & EVENT MGMT, OM - PD AND OTHERS.CHECK THIS BY GOING TO IMG --> CTRL F AND GIVE INTEGRATION WITH OM )
CHECK ALL OF THEM , GO FOR PROGRAMRHINTE00 PHINTE10 , PRHINTE20 , PHINTE30 AND 40 ALSO.

34.How is Time management and payroll is integrated?

TM MGMT and Payroll are integrated in ways are time data is collected from the info type 0007 and these hours are taken in basic as Number of hours worked or utilized, and even with time evaluation and last with schemas integration.000 schema carries xt00 and these data can be transferred between other modules.

35.In TM, if group of employees get 10 days of annual leave, what will be the time evaluation status?

TIME evaluation shows the exact details maintained over to the employee through his 2006 and 2001. if they are all allowed to take leave it shows leave as paid or unpaid depending on the configuration done by the consultant for these situation. in
processing time data in payroll or even Time evaluation ( Valuation of absences ) also.

36.How to group employees for their allowances in payroll?

Go to basic salary of India in Payroll India and group the employee first depending on the allowances to be paid and this is applied for even differentiating the employees into groups depending on their pay structures.

37.Find the scenario and give the result: A, B, C are employees, where A, B will get basic, HRA, DA. C gets Basic and DA. How to group for the allowances?

Allowances are paid depending on his gradation and even wages are also paid on this criteria, if AB are paid bas, hra and DA then take three wage types ans assign to the ES Grouping and don't give HRA wage type to C.Check basic salary of India and Allowances in Indian payroll thoroughly, because first of all we have to understand this first and then you have to decide the emp sub groupings.

38.In OM, how to get the details for group of employees (ex.) group of Drivers in the organization?

Drivers can be identified depending on their position at which they are working and you can have a different job codes for them who do you want to look into.

39. What is the difference between Static and Dynamic Credit Check?

Static credit check is a check which is comparing the credit limit assign to the customer to the total value of open sales order, plus total value of open delivery that are not yet to invoiced plus total amount billing document that are yet to be passed on accounting plus total value of billing amount that are yet to be paid by customer.Dyanamic credit is a check which is comparing the credit limit assign to the customer to the total value of open sales order, plus total value of open delivery that are not yet to invoiced plus total amount billing document that are yet to be passed on accounting plus total value of billing amount that are yet to be paid by customer.But, difference is that time period (credit horizon) is attached with dynamic credit states that the system is not calculated all open item and all open value after credit horizon. On the other hand, there is not time period is not attached with staticcredit limit. For this reason, all open items and all open values is taken into account.

40. What is difference between the item proposal and dynamic proposal?

In item proposal,when you enter details in sales document and click the propose items to get item list of the customer regularly purchases On the other hand,once you specify the sold-to-party and press enter,system automatically gives the list of materials for the customer regularly in a faster way than item proposal.

41. What is a field catalog?

A field catalog is a list of newly added field. If you want to create table, you have to create field that is added to field catalogue. After that you can create table.

42. What is the difference between condition type EK01 and EK02?

EK01 is used as actual cost and EK02 is used as calculated cost. Both are used in make-to-order production. In the case of EK01, unit cost is issued first position on the conditions screen for the items. The value can be used for the basis of price determination.On the other hand, in the case of EK02, the result of unit costing is simply a statistical value which is compared with price.

43. What are the user exits?

User Exit is the place where you can enhance sap documents and you can activate and deactivate some fields and create some fields through coding.Even,you can create new routine and formula through coding.But,you cannot change standard sap document. This is can be done by ABAP (Advance Business Application Programming)

44. What is the Function of item category group?

Item category group will determine the item category of an item in a sales document. It is maintained material master sales organization 2.Suppose,in the case BOM,if item category group is ‘ERLA’,higher level item category ‘TAQ’  and sub-item category is ‘TAE’.On the other hand, if item category group is ‘LUMF’,higher level item category is TAP’ and sub-item item category is ‘TAN’. Item category depends on sales organization and distribution channel. it is only outbound delivery.

45. What is pricing procedure?

Pricing procedure will determine how pricing take place in sales order and billing. In Pricing procedure there are condition types and there are 16 columns which control the condition types to determine how the condition type will behave in a pricing procedure.

46. What is condition exclusion?

Condition exclusion indicator can be set in condition type and condition record.If it is set in condition record, condition type is excluded from being accessing and requirement function is ignored.On the other hand, condition exclusion in condition record help to compare condition record between two condition exclusion groups or between two condition types to determine best price .All other condition types will be deactivated.

47. Which delivery document type for STO process?

There are two STO (Stock Transfer Order) that is 1) intra company stock transport order which delivery document type is ‘UB’ and 2) inter company stock transport order which delivery document type is “NB”.

48. What is difference between the header level condition and item level condition?

Header level condition is maintained in header level pricing procedure in sales order. This condition does not have any access sequence.So; you have to maintain condition record manually. This condition record distributed proportionately between items in whole documents .if you assign formula of alternative condition base value with condition type, condition type will distribute between items in whole document on the basis alternative condition base value.Item level condition is applicable only for that item. it has access sequence .So, condition record can be fetched automatically from condition table.

49. What is the link between credit management and subtotals?

In pricing procedure pricing value plus tax is stored in a subtotal field that is A) VBAP-CMPRE which is used for credit check in order and delivery through credit group which is assigned with sales document type and delivery document type.

50. What is Delivery group and what is its purpose?

Delivery group is used for credit check. Because credit group is assigned with delivery group.Automatic credit control is happened in delivery group.

51. What is main purpose of maintaining the master data?

Master data provides important sources of data for creating documents.Master data help to run business transaction smoothly.Master data help to define which field is important and which field is important

52. What is line item?

Line item is an individual item in a sales document which has a item detail such as shipping point, division and route.

53. What is difference between listing and exclusion?

If company want to give certain products to particular customer, company need to create listing through tcode VB01.On the other hand, if customer doesn’t want to purchase one product among the other products .You can exclude this product from the list. Through tcode VB02.Listing and Exclusion follow condition technique.

54. What are the functions performed in a support client?

the function is to solve day to day issue sent by the end user and sometimes enhancement too.

55. What is Header Condition

In Header condition doesn’t have any access sequence .For this reason, it has to be maintained manually in header level pricing procedure in sales order.So, it’s value is divided among different items in a sales order proportionately such as HM00, AMIW condition type.

56. What are the highest organizational units in SD, MM, PP and FICO?

Highest Organizational unit in SD is Sales Organisation.Highest organization unit in MM is Plant and Highest Organization in PP is Plant. Highest organization unit FI is Company code and CO is controlling area.

57. What is the functionality of negative posting in billing document?

In standard system, credit memo and cancellations document is posted opposite side of account as compared to customer receivable account. Customer requested that credit memo and cancellations should be posted same side of customer account, this allow the account to have zero balance. The totals line in the account can also be zero, in other word, a sales does not take place.Therefore,you have activate negative posting option in billing doc type.

58. How is shipping point determined?

Shipping condition from sales document type, if it is not maintained, it takes from sol-to-party customer master sales area shipping tab page.Delivering plant from customer material info record, if it not maintained, it takes from ship-to-party customer master record .if it is not maintained, it takes from material master sales-org1.Loading group from material master record plant/storage 1 tab page

59. What is difference between transport and task?

The transport request contains transport no and task no. Task no contains activities. When the request is released, task no released first then request no is released.

60. What is the client specific data?

Client specific data means when data is maintained within same client suppose client 500, and under 500 client you create company structure and under this company structure you create customer master data and material master data and under this company structure all business transactions is happened .Thus, all business transactions which is happened in the same 500(client) that is called client specific data.

61. What is ABAP debugging?

Debugging is a process to understand program behavior in runtime. SAP has a inbuilt debugger which is part of the ABAP workbench.

62. What is the difference between discount and rebate?

Discount is given on individual purchase whatever customer purchase suppose customer want to purchase 2 two soft drink bottle each 2 ltr and after purchase customer will get discount on two bottle purchase .On the hand ,Rebate is given total volume of a sales in particular customer
on yearly or monthly and retrospectively.

63. What are the routines?

Routines are formula which is hard corded and prepared by ABAPer.As a functional consultant, you can only do system modification.But, you cannot create routines.

64. What is meant by Variant Configuration?

Attribute of materials are not predefined and there are many possible variations, you can define them in the sales order in the context of a variant. You can define in a sales order on the context of a variation configure.

65. What is the relation ship between sales organization and Company code?

Sales organization is highest organization unit in sales and distribution and company code is highest organization element in FI.

66. What are the influencing factors for account determination?

Account determination is depended on Application +Condition type+ Chart of Account + Sales organization+Account assignment group of payer master +Account assignment group of material +Account key .

67. What are dependencies in variant configuration?

Configurable Material, Configurable profile, Class, and value that is depended on variant configuration.

68. How is alternate condition base value?

Alternate condition base value is used in pricing procedure to calculate a value on the basis of base value of a material such as you want to give 10 % discount to material on the basis of material base value .For this reason, you have to assign certain routine that is called alternate condition base value.


69. What is the use of pod?

POD means proof of delivery. When delivery is being done, at the time of receiving, ship-to-party verifies whether any discrepancy is there, if discrepancy is there, delivery is not confirmed. If the quantity is ok, ship-to-party transfer proof of delivery through IDOC to R/3 system.

70. When will you combine deliveries into one invoice?

When delivery due date, destination country, bill-to-party is same ,deliveries are combined into one invoice

71. What are Enterprise and Workgroup modes?

Designer lets you save universes in either enterprise or workgroup mode. Enterprise mode means that you are working in an environment with a repository. Workgroup mode means that you are working without a repository. The mode in which you save your universe determines whether other designers are able to access them. By default, a universe is saved in the mode in which you are already working. For example, if you launched a session in enterprise mode, any universe you save is automatically in that mode.

72. How do you save a Business Objects document which can be accessed by all users in workgroup mode?

If we want to make a universe accessible to another designer working without a repository, then click the Save as Workgroup check box in the Save as universe dialog box.


73. What is a macro?

A macro is a series of commands and functions that are stored in a Visual Basic for Applications module and can be run whenever you need to perform the task. If you perform a task repeatedly, you can automate the task with a macro. You create macros using the Visual Basic Editor.

74. What is an add-in?

Add-ins are programs that add optional commands and features to BUSINESSOBJECTS. Add-ins are usually created by those responsible in your company for adding customized features to BUSINESSOBJECTS. All you probably need to do is install and uninstall add-ins that are sent to you.

75. Can a Universe have more than 1 fact Table?

Yes. Typically a universe can have more than 1 fact table and numerous aggregated tables.

76. What are Contexts? (MBT)

A context is a rule that determines which of two paths can be chosen when more than one path is possible in the database from one table to another. It helps in resolving the loops created by various joins in the universe tables.With certain database structures, you may need to use contexts rather than aliases to resolve loops. A situation where this commonly occurs is a transactional database with multiple fact tables (“multiple stars”) that share lookup tables.

77. What is Aggregate Awareness? (ITC)

Aggregate awareness is a feature of DESIGNER that makes use of aggregate tables in a database. These are tables that contain pre-calculated data. The purpose of these tables is to enhance the performance of SQL transactions; they are thus used to speed up the execution of queries.

78.How do we gather the requirements for an Implementation Project?

One of the biggest and most important challenges in any implementation is gathering and understanding the end user and process team functional requirements. These functional requirements represent the scope of analysis needs and expectations (both now and in the future) of the end user. These typically involve all of the following:- Business reasons for the project and business questions answered by the implementation- Critical success factors for the implementation- Source systems that are involved and the scope of information needed from each- Intended audience and stakeholders and their analysis needs- Any major transformation that is needed in order to provide the information- Security requirements to prevent unauthorized use This process involves one seemingly simple task: Find out exactly what the end users' analysis requirements are, both now and in the future, and build the BW system to these requirements. Although simple in concept, in practice gathering and reaching a clear understanding and agreement on a complete setoff BW functional requirement is not always so simple.

79.How do we decide what cubes have to be created?

Its depends on your project requirement. Customized cubes are not mandatory for all the projects. If your business requirement is differs from given scenario (BI content cubes) then only we will opt for customized cubes. Normally your BW customization or creation of new info providers all are depending on your source system. If your source system other that R3 then you should go with customization of your all objects. If your source system is R3 and your users are using only R3 standard business scenarios like SD, MM or FI... etc., then you don’t want to create any info providers or you don’t want to enhance anything in the existing BW Business Content. But 99% this is not possible. Because surely they should have included their new business scenario or new enhancements. For example, In my first project we implemented for Solution Manager BW implementation. There we have activated all the business content in CRM. But the source systemhave new scenarios for message escalation, ageing calculation etc., according their business scenario we couldn’t use standard business content. For that we have taken only existing info objects and created new info objects which are not there in the business content. After that we have created custom data source to info providers as well as reports.

80.Who used to make the Technical and Functional Specifications?

 Technical Specification: Here we will mention all the BW objects (info objects, data sources, info sources and info providers). Then we are going to say the data flow and behavior of the data load (either delta or full) also we can tell the duration of the cube activation or creation. Pure BW technical things are available in this document. This is not for End users document. Functional Specification: Here we will describe the business requirements. That means here we are going to say which are all business we are implementing like SD, MM and FI etc., then we are going to tell the KPI and deliverable reports detail to the users. This document is going to mingle with both Function Consultants and Business Users. This document is applicable for end users also.

81. When we use Maintain Data Source, What we do? What we will maintain?

Go to BW system and create a new infopackage for delta loads. Double click on new infopackage. Under update tab you can see the delta update radio button.

82. What is business objects?
     
Business objects provides a set of tools for building data warehouses very efficiently. Business objects is an integrated query, reporting and analysis solution for business professionals that allow them to access the data in their corporate databases directly from their desktop and present and analyze this information in a business objects document.

83. What is Designer?
     
Designer is the Business objects product that is intended to develop the universes. These universe is the semantic layer of the database structure that isolates from technical issues of the database structure.

84.How many modes are there in BO & Designer?
     
There are two modes are there in BO and Designer are :
i.Enterprise Mode
ii.Workgroup Mode

85.What are the different types of data providers supported by BO?     

Queries on Universe
Stored procedure
Free hand SQL
Text files or Spread sheets
VBA Procedures
OLAP servers
SAP

86.What are the different multidimensional analysis methods available in Business Objects?
     
There are two multidimensional analysis methods available in BO, they are :
Slice and Dice
Drill Down

87. What are the disadvantage of using contexts?
     
The disadvantage of using context is that you expose the business objects end user to the database structure. They are forced to decide which context they want to use to run their query. The role of the universe is to shield end users from the database structure, so they do not have to make such decisions.

88.What is BO?
     
BO is an excellent tool for generation of reports, carrying out detailed analysis, graphical presentation of the results and generation of alerts.

89.What is BI platform?
     
This platform provides a set of common services to deploy, use and manage the tools and applications. These services are security, broadcasting, collaboration, metadata and developer services.

90.What is a chasm trap?
     
Many to one joins from two fact tables converge on a single lookup table. This type of join convergence is called a Chasm trap.

91.What is a fan trap?
     
A one to many join links a table which is in turn linked by a one to many join. This type of fanning out of one to many joins is called a Fan trap.

92.What is a Loop?
     
In a relational database, a loop occurs when joins form multiple paths between lookup tables. if a query includes more than one path, the information returned can be incorrect. The rows that are returned are an intersection of the results for each path, so fewer rows are returned than expected.

93.What is the repository?
     
The repository is the database in which the information about the users and data is present. It is created and maintained by the general supervisor. It is used to share resources of business objects.

94.How is a fan trap solved?     

A Fan trap is solved in the following way :
Creating an Alias and applying Aggregate Aware function.
Using Multiple SQL statements for each Measure.

95.What is user objects?
     
User objects are end–user personal objects that are not shared with other end-users. This is because the user objects are stored locally in a specific user object definition file. If an end-user tries to refresh or edit query that contains another user's user object, the user object is automatically removed from the query and report. A user object is stored inside the Universe folder.

96.What are master/detail reports?
     
Master/detail reports enable you to split large blocks of data into sections. This type of presentation allows you to avoid repeating values and also to display subtotals.

97.What are calculation contexts?
     
By default, BUSINESSOBJECTS determines the result of a measure based on the dimension or dimensions in the part of the report in which the measure is inserted. These sets of dimensions are called calculation contexts. Calculation contexts are dynamic in BUSINESSOBJECTS.

98. What is a LOV?
     
A list of values is a file that contains the data values associated with an object. Lists of values can reveal information about the contents of a database.

99.What is a category in supervisor?
     
A category is a keyword or phrase end-users can assign to documents when they send them to users, groups, or BROADCAST AGENT.

100.What are the disadvantages of using a Alias?
 
When we create Alias, it creates a new/extra table and this increases the number of tables in the universe, and this can be a problem, if performance is a issue.

101. What is data mining?
     
Data Mining is the analysis of data and use of software techniques for extracting hidden, comprehensible, and useful information from databases.

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