Selenium WebDriver Commands and Operations

Selenium WebDriver Commands and Operations

> Selenium WebDriver Methods are used to perform operations on Web Elements.

> Using Element Locators and WebDriver Methods we create Test Cases.

Element Locators – for recognizing Elements

WebDriver Methods – for performing operations on Elements.

WebDriver API Commands

1) get()
Description: Opens a specified URL in the Browser window.

Syntax:

driverObject.get(“URL”);

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
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2) getTitle()
Returns Title of the Browser.

Syntax:

String variable = driver.getTitle();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String Title = driver.getTitle();
System.out.println(Title);
—————————–
3) getPageSource()
Returns HTML page source.

Syntax:

String stringName = driver.getPageSource();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String pageSource = driver.getPageSource();
System.out.println(pageSource);
—————————–
4) getCurrentUrl();
Returns Current URL of the Browser.

Syntax:

String stringName = driver.getCurrentUrl();

Example:
driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
—————————–
Browser Navigation Methods
5) navigate().to();
Loads a new web page in the current browser window.

Syntax:
driverObject.navigate().to(“URL”);

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

Selenium WebDriver Tutorial

6) navigate().back()
It moves a single item back in the Browser history.

Syntax:

driver.navigate().back();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().back();
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

Or

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().to(“https://www.google.co.in”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
—————————–
7) navigate().forward();
It moves single item forward in the Browser history.

Syntax:

driver.navigate().forward();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().back();
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().forward();
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

Or

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().to(“https://www.google.co.in”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);

driver.navigate().to(“https://login.yahoo.com/”);
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
—————————–
8) navigate().refresh()
Refresh the current web page

Syntax:

driver.navigate().refresh()

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
driver.navigate().refresh();
URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
System.out.println(URL);
—————–
Method Syntax in Java

Object.method();
Object.property().method();
Class.method();
—————————–
9) close()
It closes the focused Browser.

Syntax:

driverObject.close();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.google.co.in”);
driver.close();
—————————–
10) quit()
It closes all browser that opened by WebDriver during execution.

Syntax:

driverObject.quit();

Example:

driver.get(“file:///C:/Users/gcreddy/Desktop/HTMLExamples/LoginPage.html”);
driver.findElement(By.linkText(“Sign In”)).click();
driver.quit();
—————————–
11) findElement()
It finds the first element within the current page using the give locator.

driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“Value”))

Syntax:
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
driver.get(“file:///C:/Users/gcreddy/Desktop/HTMLExamples/LoginPage.html”);
driver.findElement(By.tagName(“input”)).sendKeys(“abcd”);

Or

WebElement Email = driver.findElement(By.id(“Email”));
Email.sendKeys(“India”);
—————————–
12) sendkeys()
Enters a value into Edit box/Text box

Syntax:
driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).sendkeys(“input data”);

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.gmail.com”);
driver.findElement(By.id(“Email”)).sendKeys(“India”);
}
—————————–
13) clear()
It clears the value

Syntax:
driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).clear();

Example:
driver.get(“https://www.gmail.com”);
driver.findElement(By.id(“Email”)).sendKeys(“India”);
Thread.sleep(5000);
driver.findElement(By.id(“Email”)).clear();
—————————–
14) click()
Clicks an Element (Buttons, Links)

Syntax:

driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).click;

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.gmail.com”);
driver.findElement(By.id(“next”)).click();
—————————–
15) isEnabled()
It checks weather the Element is in enabled state or not?

Syntax:

boolean variableName = driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).isEnabled();

Example:

driver.get(“https://www.gmail.com”);
boolean a = driver.findElement(By.id(“next”)).isEnabled();
System.out.println(a);
—————————–
16) isDisplayed()
Checks if the Element is displayed or not? in the current web page.

Syntax:

boolean variableName = driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).isDisplayed();

driver.get(“https://www.gmail.com”);
boolean a = driver.findElement(By.id(“next”)).isDisplayed();
System.out.println(a);
—————————–
17) isSelected()
checks if the Element is Selected or not? in the current web page.

Syntax:

boolean variableName = driver.findElement(By.ElementLocator(“value”).isSelected();

Example:

driver.get(“file:///C:/Users/gcreddy/Desktop/HTMLExamples/MultipleCheckbox.html”);
boolean a = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“html/body/input[2]”)).isSelected();
System.out.println(a);//false
driver.findElement(By.xpath(“html/body/input[2]”)).click();
a = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“html/body/input[2]”)).isSelected();
System.out.println(a);//true
—————————–
18) manage().window().maximize()
Syntax:

driverObject.manage().window().maximize()

Example:

driver.get(“file:///C:/Users/gcreddy/Desktop/HTMLExamples/MultipleCheckbox.html”);
Thread.sleep(5000);
driver.manage().window().maximize();
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