Software Testing As A Career

Software Testing As A Career

Important Activities in IT (Information Technology) Industry:

• Project Management

• Business Analysis

• Software Development (Front-end and Back-end)

• Software Testing (Manual Testing and Automated Testing)

• Technical Support (Network Administration/System Administration)

• DBA (Database Administration)

• Software Maintenance
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If you want to choose software testing as your career then you need to familiar with the following concepts.

I) Communication Skills

• Customer Communication.

• Team Communication

• Presentation Skills

• Writing Skills

II) Computer Fundamentals

• Knowledge on Computer Operating Systems (MS Windows, UNIX, Macintosh etc…)

• knowledge on Mobile device operating systems – Optional

• Documentation skills ((MS Office, Star office(optional)).

• Knowledge on Software Environments (Stand-alone, Intranet, Internet and Extranet).

III) Manual Testing Knowledge

• Software Project life cycle

• Ability to analyze Functional and Non-functional requirements

• Test Levels (Unit, Integration, System and Acceptance Testing)

• Test Types (Functional and Non-Functional Testing)

• Test Planning

• Test Design Techniques (Equivalence Partitioning, Boundary value Analysis, Decision Table testing, State transition testing etc…)

• Test Design (Test Scenarios, Test Case and Test Data)

• Test Execution (Sanity, Comprehensive and Regression Testing, Defect Reporting and Tracking)

• Maintenance of Testing resources

• Ability to track changes

Software Testing

Software Testing Learning Objectives

IV) Database knowledge (Essential for Database Testing)

• Database objects

• Create new databases

• Create new tables in a database

• Insert records in a database

• Update records in a database

• Delete records from a database

• Retrieve data from a database

• Execute queries against a database

• Data Integrity

• Data Comparisons

• Data backup and Recovery etc…

V) Programming knowledge (Essential for Test Automation)

• Comments

• Data Types

• Modifiers

• Variables

• Operators

• Conditional Statements

• Loop Statements

• Input and Output operations

• Built-in Functions / Methods

• User defined Functions / Methods

• Working with Files

• Working with Databases

• Regular Expressions

• Exception handling

• OOPS concepts (Abstraction, Polymorphism, Inheritance, Encapsulation)
Etc…

VI) Test Tools knowledge

• UFT or Selenium or both UFT and Selenium for Functional and Regression Testing.

• LoadRunner or any other Performance test tool knowledge for Performance Test Automation.

a) UFT (Formerly QTP) -(Functional and Regression Test Automation)

• UFT Tool fundamentals

• VBScripting

• Creating Tests using either Object Repository or Descriptive programming.

• Enhancing Tests using Tool features like Checkpoints, Output values, Data Table etc…

• Enhancing Tests using VBScript features like Flow Control statements, Functions and Automation objects etc…

• Parametrization, synchronization.

• Creating Test Batches.

• Debugging & Running Tests

• Analyzing Test Results

• Reporting Defects and Tracking Defects.

• Regression Testing

• Maintenance of Automation Resources.

b) Selenium (Functional and Regression Test Automation)

• Selenium IDE, Selenium WebDriver and Selenium Grid Fundamentals

• Java Programming (Core Java)

• Create Test Cases

• Enhance Test Cases

• Run Test Cases – Batch Testing, Data Driven Testing, Parallel Test execution.

• Cross Browser Testing.

• Analyzing Test Results

• Reporting and Tracking Defects (Defects Management)

• Regression Testing

• Maintenance of Automation Resources.

VII) Domain knowledge

• BFSI (Banking Financial Services and Insurance)

• ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)

• Telecom

• Healthcare

• Ecommerce

• Retail Market etc…
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Note:
• Defect management using Bugzilla or any other tool is essential.

• Knowledge on Performance Testing using LoadRunner or any other tool is an added advantage.

• Test Management (Defect Management is part of Test Management) using ALM or any other tool is an added advantage.
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