Introduction to Selenium Part 2

Introduction to Selenium Part 2

4) Selenium Supporting Environments

5) Selenium License

6) Testing Frameworks and Other tools used in Selenium

7) Selenium Environment Setup

8) Advantages of Selenium

9) Disadvantages of selenium

10) Selenium Versus UFT
4) Selenium Supporting Environments

a) Operating Environment
MS Windows



Apple OX

b) Application Environment
i) CUI based – Selenium doesn’t support.

ii) Windows based-Selenium doesn’t support.

iii) Web based- Selenium supports.

iv) Mobile based- Supports Mobile Applications which have Web forms.

c) Programming Environment






Note: Selenium IDE doesn’t support any programming language.

d) Browser Environment
Google Chrome

Mozilla Firefox



Opera etc…

Note: Selenium IDE supports Firefox Browser only.
5) Selenium License

All Selenium Projects released under the Apache 2.0 License

> Anybody can download and use all Selenium projects with free of cost.

> Anybody can modify the source code and distribute the source code

** Selling modified code is not allowed.
6) Testing Frameworks and Other tools used in Selenium

Testing Frameworks
JUnit Framework

TestNG Framework

Eclipse IDE –

> To create and execute Java programs,

> Add Selenium WebDriver .jar files to Java project and use Webdriver features.

> Install TestNG/JUnit Testing Frameworks

Firebug and Firepath plug ins (Mozilla Firefox) for inspecting elements in Firefox browser.

Note: Google Chrome and IE browsers have built Developer tools (F12) to inspect elements.

Browser Drivers for Cross Browser Testing

For Google Chrome, IE etc… Browsers, download Browser drivers and set driver path in test scripts.
7) Selenium Environment Setup

Choose Selenium Tools
Selenium WebDriver to create Test cases.

Java as Programming Language

TestNG Framework as Test Runner.

Firebug and Firepath plug in for Mozilla browser to inspect Elements.

Browser Drivers etc…

Configure Selenium:
> Download Eclipse IDE and extract

> Download Java software and Install.

> Set Environment variable (Path variable).

> Download Selenium WebDriver java language binding ( and add
WebDriver jar file to Java project in Eclipse IDE.

> Download and install Firebug and Firepath from Mozilla browser to inspect elements.

> Download IE, Chrome etc… Browser drivers.

> Download and install TestNG Testing Framework from Eclipse IDE
8) Advantages of Selenium

i) It is an Open source Software.

ii) It supports various Operating environments (Windows, Linux, Mac etc…)

iii) It supports various browsers (IE, Mozilla Firefox, Chrome, safari, Opera etc…)

iv) It supports various programming environments (Java, Perl, Python, Ruby and PHP)

v) It supports parallel Test execution.

vi) It uses less Hardware resources.
9) Disadvantages of Selenium

i) It supports Web based Applications only.

ii) No reliable support from anybody.

iii) No centralized maintenance of Elements/objects

iv) Difficult to setup environment.

v) Difficult to use.

vi) Limited support for Image based testing.

vii) New features may not work properly.

viii) No other tool integration for test management.

ix) No built in Reporting facility.
10) Selenium Versus UFT

SeleniumUFT / QTP
1) Open SourceVendor tool, License is required.
2) Supports various OS Environments.MS Windows only.
3) Supports various Programming EnvironmentsVBScript only.
4) No Object RepositoriesLocal and Shared object Repositories.
5) No built-in Reporting feature.Built-in reporting feature.
6) Selenium WebDriver has no IDE and Selenium IDE has no Programming Interface.UFT has both IDE and Programming Interface.
7) Uses less Hardware resources.Uses more Hardware resources
8) Difficult to setup environment and use.Easy to setup and use.
9) Limited support for Image TestingRich support for Image Testing
10) No Reliable supportSupport from HP
11) No other tool integration for Test management.UFT can be integrated with ALM/QC for Test Management.
12) New features may not work properly.New features will properly.
13) No Add ins for supporting Application Environments.Add ins are required for supporting Application environments.
14) Supports Web Applications onlySupports Desktop and Web Applications.
15) No Authorized CertificationAuthorized Certification program.

 Introduction to Selenium Part 1 Link 

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