Usage of Selenium Tool for Software Testing


Usage of Selenium Tool for Software Testing, Features of Selenium, Selenium Test Environment, and Advantages & Drawbacks of Selenium Tool.

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Usage of Selenium Tool for Software Testing

Test Method

Automation Testing

Test Level

System Testing

Test Type

Functional Testing

Application Type

Web Application

Test Tool


  • Software Testing can be done in two ways, One is Manual Testing, and another is Automation Testing.
  • We have different types of Automation Testing, Automated Functional Testing, Automated Performance Automated, Automated API/Web Services Testing, and Automated Mobile testing, etc.
  • According to market share, Automated Functional testing is a major area in Automation Testing.
  • Selenium, Micro Focus UFT, IBM RFT, SilkTest, SmartBear Test Complete, Watr, etc. test tools are available for Automated Functional Testing, in which Selenium tool is having more market share (nearly 65%).

Note: Selenium test tool is used for functional & regression testing of computer web applications at the system test level.

What is Selenium?

Selenium is an open source test tool to perform functional and regression testing of web applications. Other test tools for functional and regression testing are Micro Focus UFT (Formerly QTP), IBM RFT, SilkTest, SmartBear Test Complete, Watr, etc.

Selenium is not an all inclusive Test tool; it requires some third party plug-ins and frameworks to broaden the scope of testing.

2) Selenium is an Open Source Software to automate web browsers

(Selenium is an Open Source Software, anybody can download it & use with free of cost. UFT, RFT Tools are commercial Test Tools and license is required to use them.

Selenium automates web browsers, means it supports web bases Software Applications only for testing and doesn’t support Desktop Software Applications. UFT can automate Desktop and Web based Software Applications.)

3) Selenium supports various Operating environments

MS Windows,
Macintosh etc…

UFT (formerly QTP) supports MS Windows operating environment only.

4) Selenium supports various Browsers to create & execute Test Scripts

Google Chrome,
Mozilla Firefox,
MS Internet Explorer / MS Edge
Safari etc…

5) Selenium supports various Programming languages to write programs (Test Scripts)


Most of the Selenium Testers are using Java for Selenium, next Python for Selenium, next C# for Selenium and remaining programming languages are less use.

Java has 3 important editions, 1) Java Standard Edition or Core Java, 2) Java Enterprise Edition or Advanced Java, 3) Java Micro Edition. Java Standard Edition or Core Java is enough for Selenium.

a. Selenium IDE (Integrated Environment) doesn’t support any programming, It is only record &playback tool.
b. Selenium Grid is only for Test Execution and it doesn’t support Test Design.
c. Selenium RC is out dated and removed from latest version/s for Selenium.

Selenium is a suite of Test Tools for automation, It is not a single tool like UFT, RFT and SilkTest, but we no need to use all Selenium Tools for Testing, using Selenium WebDriver only you can create & execute test cases.

If you want conduct parallel testing then you can use Selenium Grid, Selenium Grid executes Selenium WebDriver test cases in parallel.

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